Forces Hold Firm
(Gratiot) did so his regiment came within range of Totten's guns. The men
passed safely, but the rear of the regiment was swept of its field and staff.
Gratiot's horse was killed and his orderly's too. The Lieutenant-Colonel
was dismounted. The Major's arm was broken. The quarter-master was killed
and the regimental commissary severely wounded. But the regiment kept on
and took the position that it had been ordered to take...
ordered to charge a battery that had been making sad havoc with our other
regiments during the whole day, and right gallantly did we charge. For twenty
minutes we stood the most galling fire that was ever witnessed.
battery, in the centre, supported by the First Iowa and the regulars, was
the main point of attack. Many times the Confederate infantry were within
thirty feet of his guns, and the smoke of the opposing lines was often so
blended as to seem but one.
one was driven back, another took its place, until human nature could endure
it no longer...
courtesy of SCV camp #197 Little Rock, AR
volley after volley was poured against our lines, and our gallant boys were
cut down like grass, those who survived seemed to be nerved to greater effort
and a determination to win or die.
the fight Corporal Bill (William j. Fuller) received
a minie ball on the crest of the forehead. The ball went over his head, tearing
the scalp, sinking the skull at the point of impact about one-eighth of an
inch. He bled with a sickening profusion all over his face, neck, and clothing;
and as if half-unconscious and half-crazed, he wandered down the line, asking
for me; he was my blanket-mate. He said, "Link, have you got any water in
your canteen?" I handed him my canteen and sat down by the side of a tree
that stood near our line, but he got up and wandered around with that canteen,
perfectly oblivious; going now in one direction and then in another.
were cussing and some were crying, and some were hollering for Jeff Davis,
and some were shouting for Abe Lincoln.
maintained their ground with firmness; for the first time during the day,
there was no disposition to give way manifested at any point,...
the first time during the day our entire line, maintained its position with
courtesy "Deeds of Valor" edited by WF Beyer and of Keydel
D....along with company E, were detailed by Lieutenant-Colonel Merritt to
support Totten's battery. This order brought us into a hand-to-hand contest
with the enemy.....We four times repulsed them.
McDonald (interview with WF
and wounded lay so thickly that their bodies had to be pulled aside to make
way for the gun carriages.
"One Who Was There"
is so dense that the artillery horses cannot be used effectually, and they
grasp the wheels and turn the howitzers into position.
to my knees to load my gun, and a spent shot struck my canteen, bending it
up. I had just finished loading when a no. 6 grape shot lodged in my right
thigh 4 inches above the knee joint on the inside, nearly severing the muscle
and nerves and breaking the bone 3 inches above the joint...I had no pain
at the time. I heard its chug as it buried itself itself in the flesh, felt
it strike the bone, but it deadened the flesh for several inches around.
I turned to my next neighbor and said, "I am wounded." He said, "Do you feel
as happy as you did?"
fired three times and was loading again, when a ball struck my thigh on the
outside midway between the knee and hip.
on the ridge of the hill between the fires of friend and foe. The balls fell
thick around. I took the strap from my canteen and, fastening it above the
wound, took my ramrod to twist it. The sun was very hot on the wound, and
I took my hat from my head and laid it over the place. Here I lay some fifteen
minutes listening, fearing the approach of the federals. I could hear their
tramp. I could now crawl to a tree near by. The balls, minie and cannon,
were not more than a foot over my head. I knew not what moment might be my
after receiving my wound I got up and started for the rear but had proceeded
but a few paces when I laid down. The bullets now flew thicker than ever.
Two passed within inches of my head as I was lying down. Once I thought I
would go and sit by a tree near by. But thinking I would wait till cessation
of the strife, (I) lay still.
line of battle was more than a thousand yards in length.
New York Tribune
were carrying their wounded comrades back to places of comparative safety,
others were getting water, and many, very many slept the sleep that know
from Letters by Kansas Troops
Ketner, of Co. G, was calm as on parade, standing erect and firm amid the
terrible shower of iron and lead, all day. Having secured a long double-barreled
shot gun dropped by one of the retreating rebels, he used it with taking
effect upon the advancing lines of the enemy, until a ball struck the rammer
out of his hand and passed through his blouse in rather close proximity to
borne back by the charge of the Louisiana regiment, slowly in the course
of the firing, as much as fifty feet.
Louisianas came on their flank and poured in two of the prettiest vollies
I ever heard.
boys showed lots of grit....as the Louisiana troops yielded back we followed
them some little distance down the slope,...
received a slight cut across my right thigh with a minie ball. One minie
ball struck my saddle-bags, and went clear through, cutting eighteen holes
in two shirts folded up in them. One passed through my hat brim, and one
cut me just across my right breast, not breaking the skin, but making a black
place about as large as the palm of the hand.
Second Kansas, which had firmly maintained its position on the extreme right
from the time it was first sent there, found its ammunition exhausted, and
I directed it to withdraw slowly and in good order from the field, which
it did, bringing off its wounded. This left our left flank exposed, and the
enemy renewed the attack at that point, after it had ceased along the whole
a short cessation of the volley firing, it was re-commenced by the enemy
with great fury and so continued for at least ten minutes...
was gallantly met by Captain Steele's Battalion of Regulars, which had just
driven the enemy from the right of the center, and after a sharp engagement
drove him precipitately from the field.
fire so furious that in less than thirty minutes a hundred of its men were
either dead or wounded - one hundred out of five hundred.
Charles King Shannon
Co B, 3rd MO Infantry
Missouri State Guard
courtesy of Emmett MacDonald SCV
Granger rushed to the rear and brought up the supports of Du Bois' battery,
consisting of two or three companies of the First Missouri, three companies
of the First Kansas, and two companies of the First Iowa, in quick time,
and fell upon the enemy's right flank, and poured into it a murderous volley,
killing and wounding nearly every man within 60 or 70 yards.
section of Capt. Totten's battery,...came just in time to save us....Lieut.
Sokalski, got the guns in position and opened on them. As the enemy approached
nearer, I ordered my men to lie down and load and fire in that position,....The
fire upon us was terrific...
pieces of artillery did good service; and, had it not been for them, I fear
but few, if any, of the 2d would have remained to tell the story of the
battle.... part of the boys were down, others standing, all busy pouring
a hot volley into the enemy.
was a witness to an act of bravery, performed by... Corporal Immell, viz:
going between the lines at short range and cutting out the dead lead team
of Corporal Writtenberry's caisson, and cutting a sapling where it was lodged,
and mounting the swing team and taking it out, for which the line
saw him (Lorenzo Immell) take a mule, put it in a place of one of the wheel
horses which had been shot, take an ax and cut a small tree, on which the
piece was fast, and save the gun,...
of the guns of Totten's battery had been left behind, because one of its
horses had been killed. Being this time on the skirmish line, I was called
by the gunner of the piece to help catch a riderless horse.....To save the
gun from falling into the enemy's hands-...Not heeding the rain of bullets
from both lines, we started after the horse, and in a short time had him.....We
soon had him hitched to it, and away we went...
this act, Nicholas Bouquet would be
awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor
G. Sterling...The bullet entered his right forearm two inched above the wrist
and left it just below the wrist and left it just below the elbow, making
a troublesome fracture of both bones.
am sorry to say, we were very much annoyed, and some of the casualties hereafter
mentioned are to be attributed to the fire of our own friends, who formed
behind us and lower down upon the hill, and fired through my ranks...
a great many shots from our friends in the rear, the 4th and 5th Arkansas
Infantry, and this was the cause of our falling back. The engagement lasted
about 30 minutes,...
the same ground we formed on in the morning in possession seven times during
now half past eleven. Silence had again fallen upon bloody hill, on whose
rough surface the dead of both armies lay in great heaps.